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儿童注意力缺陷多动障碍与支气管哮喘相关性的研究进展
Research progress on the relationship between children
投稿时间:2021-08-12  修订日期:2021-09-14
DOI:
中文关键词:  注意力缺陷多动障碍  支气管哮喘  儿童  神经免疫调节
英文关键词:attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder  asthma  children  neuroimmunity
基金项目:儿童支气管哮喘与注意力缺陷多动障碍的关联性研究
作者单位邮编
金汤明 浙江中医药大学 310053
邵征洋 浙江省中西医结合医院 
詹璐 浙江省中西医结合医院 310003
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中文摘要:
      注意缺陷多动障碍 (ADHD) 是一种以认知问题为特征的常见儿童精神障碍,主要表现为注意力障碍和活动过多或冲动。ADHD的病因和发病机制不清,目前认为是多种因素相互作用所致,包括遗传和环境因素。支气管哮喘以喘息、气促、胸闷为特征,是儿童最常见的慢性呼吸道疾病。支气管哮喘和ADHD之间的相关性仍有争议,但大部分研究认为两者关系密切,且受诸多因素影响。两种疾病关系的机制比较复杂 ,几年来大量研究表明这种关联主要与神经免疫有关,但具体机制尚待进一步研究。本文旨在对国内外关于哮喘和ADHD相关性及影响因素、可能机制的文献进行综述,以提高人们对这两种疾病的认识。
英文摘要:
      children"s attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood mental disorder characterized by cognitive problems, including attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder. The etiology and pathogenesis of ADHD are unclear, and it is currently believed to be caused by the interaction of many factors, including genetic and environmental factors. Bronchial asthma is characterized by wheezing, breathless, and chest tightness, and is the most common chronic respiratory disease in children. The correlation between asthma and ADHD is still controversial, but most studies believe that they are closely related and are affected by many factors. The mechanism of the relationship between the two diseases is relatively complicated. In the past few years, a large number of studies have shown that this relationship is mainly related to neuroimmunity, but the specific mechanism needs to be further studied. This article aims to review the literature on the correlation, influencing factors, and possible mechanisms of asthma and ADHD at home and abroad, so as to improve people"s understanding of these two diseases.
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